When your back is painful

Diseases of the spine

We would like to briefly introduce a few clinical pictures below. We have compiled
detailed descriptions of the clinical pictures, together with possible diagnoses and
treatment methods, as a PDF file for you.

Ruptured disc

The intervertebral disc provides a buffer function and makes the spine mobile. In the course of time, the disc can develop ruptures due to wear. This causes the neighbouring nerves to be pressed, leading to severe pain either at the location of the damage or radiating to the arms or legs.


Fractures of the spine

A fracture is the breakage of one or more bones. Fractures can occur for all vertebrae and are usually the result of trauma (accident). In the case of weakened bones or severe osteoporosis, spontaneous fractures can also occur.

Congenital abnormities

Some persons are born with spinal abnormalities, such as an additional lumbar vertebra. Some abnormalities result in lateral curvature (scoliosis), which must be closely controlled. This sometimes requires an early operation during childhood.

Post-nucleotomy syndrome

Post-nucleotomy syndrome is a collective term for all severe clinical complaints remaining after a ruptured disc operation (nucleotomy). They are caused by scars, instabilities or insufficient identification of indications by the doctor performing the previous operation.


Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine. The disease is usually recognised during youth and occurs in around two per cent of the population. However, scoliosis can also occur in adulthood.

Spinal canal stenosis

Spinal canal stenosis is a constriction (stenosis) of the spinal canal. This usually affects the lumbar spine. The symptoms are pain, feelings of numbness, weakness, disturbances of the bladder and rectal functions, or sexual dysfunction. Not all cases of spinal canal stenosis display clinical symptoms.


Spondylodisitis is an inflammation of one or more vertebrae and the neighbouring intervertebral disc space. This inflammation can occur either locally following a previous operation or secondarily due to inflammation of other parts of the body. Spondylodiscitis is a severe disease and expresses itself by fever and by percussion and shaking pain in the section of the spine affected.

Spinal tumours

Tumours of the spine are benign or malignant growths which form in the vicinity of the spinal cord or in the bones. Tumours sometimes originate on the spine. However, these are more frequently metastases from other forms of cancer. All spinal tumours can cause pain or neurological failures.

Cervical myelopathy

Cervical myelopathy refers to damage to the spinal cord as a result of pressure, usually caused by wear-related bony growths on the cervical vertebrae. The disease generally begins as a disturbance in the legs while walking (disturbance of balance and coordination, tendency to fall, tottering). As the beginning stage of the disease is often pain-free, diagnosis is frequently made only somewhat later.

Here you will find the information as pdf-file

Diseases of the spine

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